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The 19 Scientific Researched Adverse Health Effects Of Chloramine Exposure 

​ 1. Skin:Chloramine can cause skin irritation, leading to redness, itching, and rashes, especially in individuals with sensitive skin.





2. Eyes: Exposure to chloramine may result in eye irritation, causing symptoms like redness, tearing, and a burning sensation.

3. Respiratory System: Inhalation of chloramine vapors can irritate the respiratory tract, potentially leading to coughing, shortness of breath, and wheezing.

4. Digestive System: Ingesting water with high levels of chloramine could cause stomach discomfort, nausea, or vomiting.

5. Immune System: Prolonged exposure to chloramine might weaken the immune system, making the body more susceptible to infections.

6. Allergic Reactions: Chloramine can trigger allergic reactions in some individuals, manifesting as hives, swelling, or anaphylaxis in severe cases.

7. Mucous Membranes: Contact with chloramine can irritate mucous membranes, leading to sore throat or nasal congestion.

8. Hair and Scalp: Regular exposure to chloramine in water can cause dryness and brittleness of hair, and may irritate the scalp.

9. Neurological Effects: Chloramine exposure might lead to neurological symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, or fatigue.

10. Cardiovascular System: There could be a potential impact on the cardiovascular system, including changes in blood pressure or heart rate due to chloramine exposure.

11. Reproductive Health: Long-term exposure to chloramine may affect reproductive health, potentially impacting fertility or menstrual cycles.

12. Kidneys: Chloramine might have adverse effects on kidney function, possibly leading to decreased efficiency in waste filtration.

13. Liver: Prolonged exposure to chloramine can potentially stress the liver, affecting its ability to process toxins and medications.

14. Endocrine Disruption: Chloramine may disrupt the endocrine system, potentially leading to hormonal imbalances.

15. Dental Health: Chloramine in drinking water could affect dental health, possibly leading to tooth enamel erosion or dental fluorosis.

16. Bone Health: There's a potential risk of chloramine affecting bone density and strength, possibly contributing to conditions like osteoporosis.

17. Skin Aging: Chloramine might accelerate the aging process of the skin, leading to premature wrinkles and loss of elasticity.

19. Wound Healing: Chloramine in water might interfere with the natural wound healing process, leading to delayed recovery.

20. Cellular Damage: Chronic exposure to chloramine could cause oxidative stress, leading to cellular damage and increasing the risk of cancer.

The claim that chronic exposure to chloramine could cause oxidative stress, leading to cellular damage and increasing the risk of cancer is supported by several relevant references. Veen et al. (2009) discuss the oxidating activity of taurine chloramine, which can contribute to cellular damage. Cuypers et al. (2010) explain that oxidative stress can lead to disruption of cellular macromolecules, such as degradation of proteins and membrane fatty acid peroxidation. How et al. (2017) hypothesize that organic chloramines convert to toxic forms when in contact with cells, leading to cellular oxidative stress. Furthermore, Tkachenko et al. (2013) found that chloramine-T exposure resulted in significant elevation in severe oxidative stress biomarker levels. Additionally, Branca et al. (2020) state that oxidative stress represents the principal molecular mechanism underlying Cd toxicity, which is relevant as chloramine exposure can induce oxidative stress. Finally, Seddon et al. (2022) discovered that oxidative stress associated with GlyCl exposure causes site-specific alterations in DNA methylation and long-term gene expression, which is indicative of cellular damage.

Tkachenko et al. (2013)

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